Like cyclones, now heat will also be named, know why this initiative is important
Los Angeles; Miami; Milwaukee; Kansas City, Missouri; and Athens – have also created a similar initiative, using weather data and public health criteria to classify heatwaves.
Like hurricanes and cyclones, heatwaves will soon be named. Actually, the reason behind naming heatwaves is to highlight their importance, alert people and public officials so that necessary steps can be taken when needed. Spain’s Seville city will be the first to begin naming severe heat waves.
five other cities – Los Angeles; Miami; Milwaukee; Kansas City, Missouri; and Athens – have also created a similar initiative, using weather data and public health criteria to classify heatwaves. They will use a three-categories system, which will be named based on the one that best suits the particular climate of each city.
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As The Indian Express reports, Arsht-Rock chief heat science advisor Larry Kalkstein said each participating city has “a different set of formulas” that will determine what categories look like based on urban composition. . Arsht-Rock and its two-year-old Extreme Heat Resilience Alliance are pushing the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the World Meteorological Organization to make naming and ranking heat waves a norm.
Meanwhile, California may soon become the first US state to set up a system for early warning and “ranking” of extreme heat events. In India, where we do not have a name for a heatwave, we have several names for cyclones.
Monsoon did not even knock and the threat of flood started looming over Bihar, many rivers swelled before the rain
Why do we name cyclones?
In 2000, a group of nations called WMO/ESCAP (World Meteorological Organization/United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific) decided to start naming cyclones in the region. These groups included Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Thailand. After each country sent suggestions, the WMO/ESCAP Panel on Tropical Cyclones (PTC) finalized the list. With a name, it is easy to identify individual cyclones, create awareness about their emergence, rapidly disseminate warnings to enhance community preparedness and clear confusion when there are multiple cyclonic systems in an area. Like cyclones, heatwaves also need more attention to mitigate their devastating effects as rising global temperatures have worsened the situation this year.
heatwave in india
This year, March and April witnessed early and unpredictable heatwaves across India. March was the hottest in 122 years and April was the fourth warmest. Although heat wave over large parts of north and central India is an annual phenomenon in May, the maximum temperatures in Delhi and areas of Jammu and Kashmir have been unusually high. Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana, Delhi, Chandigarh, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Telangana are some of the states where heat wave conditions were observed.